Bacteria usually affects the lower urinary tract in women who are young and sexually active. This is probably one of the main reasons why women are encouraged to take a bath after having sex. Bacterial infections are also more common in women aged between 20 and 50 than men with the same age bracket.
The following can cause bacterial infections:
- Blockage of the urinary tract
- Prostate infection
- Use of a urinary catheter
- Bladder malfunction
- Septicemia or infection that occurs in the bloodstream
The herpes simplex virus type 2 can potentially infect the urethra. This produces when passing urine and this causes difficulties in emptying the bladder. A weak immune system is also to blame in causing UTIs. This can be caused by HIV/AIDS, cancer, etc.
Fungi or yeast has the potential to infect the urinary tract. This is generally referred to as yeast infection. The candida fungus mostly affects people with a weak immune system.
Parasites and worms can infect the urinary tract. These include trichomoniasis, schistosomiasis, filariasis, and others.
Other causes of urinary tract infections include:
The end of menopause causes some changes in the urinary tract which increases the chances of UTI.
Urinary Tract Surgical Procedures
A urinary tract surgery increases the chances of UTI.
Use of Birth Control
The use of diaphragms, spermicide-treated or unlubricated condoms